Toothpaste can help
remove dental plaque, their various functions depend on the active
ingredients they contain.
There are many different types of toothpaste available
in the market. The followings are the common types of toothpaste:
Fluoride toothpaste, desensitizing toothpaste, anti-calculus toothpaste,
anti-plaque toothpaste, and whitening toothpaste. Their various
functions depend on the active ingredients they contain.
They contain Sodium Fluoride (NaF), Stannous Fluoride (SnF2), or
Monofluorophosphate (MFP2). The fluoride content is about 1,000 parts
per million (ppm). They are all effective in preventing dental caries.
Children toothpaste contains 500ppm fluoride and is usually fruit
flavoured, which is suitable for children.
The active ingredients help seal off the microtubules inside the exposed
dentine (such as exposed root surface due to toothbrush abrasion) to
reduce tooth sensitivity. Active ingredients such as Potassium Nitrate
are used by different product manufacturers. There are many different
types of desensitizing toothpastes marketed by different brand names.
Their various functions depend on different active ingredients they
contain. Therefore, you are advised to consult the dentist and undergo a
thorough check-up to explore the cause of tooth sensitivity before using
desensitizing toothpaste. You should consult the dentist if the symptoms
of tooth sensitivity persist after using desensitizing toothpaste.
Desensitizing toothpaste is not suitable for children.
The manufacturer claims that the calcification of dental plaque could be
retarded by this kind of toothpaste, thus it reduces the rate of
calculus formation. The active ingredient is Pyrophosphate or Zinc
This kind of toothpaste inhibits plaque accumulation, reduces the toxic
effects of the bacterial toxin on the periodontal tissues, thereby
reduces the chances of getting periodontal disease. In the market,
different anti- plaque toothpastes contain different active ingredients.
For example Triclosan or Zinc Citrate
This kind of toothpaste contains relatively coarse abrasives
which function by abrading the stains on the tooth surface, giving a
whitening effect. However, long term use will result in roughened tooth
surfaces, which makes stains deposit more readily.